For decades, history has been portrayed in mainstream media and public education classrooms from a “pleasant” viewpoint. History is told from a Eurocentric perspective eliminating the truths and contributions of historically marginalized groups.


 
Often times U.S. history begins with Christopher Columbus “discovering” the Americas and slavery the creation of the transatlantic slave trade, eliminating the violence and genocide committed against people Indigenous to the Americas (i.e., Native Americans) early civilizations, Eastern migrations from Africa, African contributions to math, science, navigation, and geography to name a few topics. This telling of history even eliminates the fact that most slaves stolen from the continent of Africa were taken to South America, failing to provide an accurate representation of the Transatlantic Slave trade.

Through learning ACCURATE world history, including local Louisville history, we hope you develop an understanding of the contributions many marginalized groups who often have their stories hidden or eliminated. We hope that you hold a stronger sense of pride in your racial identity and develop a new understanding about people from all different background along with their contributions to the fabric of local cities, states, countries, and the world.

Overview of Systems

 

Systems of Power

Arts and Culture : The systems of arts and culture encompass the performing, visual, and fine arts, as well as applied arts including architecture and graphic design; crafts; film, digital media and video; humanities and historic preservation; literature; folklife; and other creative activities. (Gaquin 2008). Culture can be defined as the arts as well as the intangible shared beliefs, values, and practices of a community (Houston 2007). Examples include oral history and traditions, fine art, animation, dance, performance. https://www.planning.org/research/arts/briefingpapers/overview.htm

Economic: The system in which countries and governments distribute resources and trade goods and services. Examples include labor, capital, and physical resources. http://study.com/academy/lesson/economic-systems-definition-types-examples.html

Education: The education system consists of schools, colleges, universities and various private institutions. Examples include elementary School (K-12), higher Education, and vocational programs. http://www.economywatch.com/world-industries/education-industry.html

Food: All the activities involved in producing, processing, transporting, and consuming food. Examples include food production (farming), marketing, and food distribution, http://www.futureoffood.ox.ac.uk/what-food-system

Health: The network of resources and institutions that delivers quality health services to the population. Examples include providers (physicians, nurses, dentists, therapists), hospitals, clinics, hospital administrators. www.who.int/topics/health_systems/en/

Housing: The system designed to create strong, sustainable, and inclusive communities. Examples include urban planning and infrastructure and housing markets. https://www.hud.gov/about/mission

Justice: The set of agencies and processes established by the federal government to control crime and penalize those that violate laws. Examples include law enforcement, courts, and corrections departments. http://victimsofcrime.org/help-for-crime-victims/get-help-bulletins-for-crime-victims/the-criminal-justice-system

Political: The set of laws, principles and institutions that define a government's structure. Examples include the US democracy--Two party political systems (democrats and republicans). http://study.com/academy/lesson/political-system-types-definition-quiz.html

Spiritual: Spirituality includes a sense of connection to something bigger than ourselves, and it typically involves a search for meaning in life. It can also be described as a deep sense of aliveness and interconnectedness. Examples include organized religion (going to a church, synagogue, mosque), private prayer, and meditation. https://www.psychologytoday.com/basics/spirituality https://www.takingcharge.csh.umn.edu/what-spirituality

Socioecological Model

 
 
 
Individual: Individual characteristics that influence how a person changes their behavior. Examples include attitudes, race/ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, financial resources, and values. https://www.unicef.org/cbsc/files/Module_1_SEM-C4D.docx

Relationship: Social Support systems that influence an individual's behavior and contributes to their overall experiences. Examples include family, friends, peers, partners, and coworkers. https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/overview/social-ecologicalmodel.html

Organization: Organizations or social institutions with rules and regulations for a society. Examples include health departments, clinics, community-based organizations, schools, and employers. https://www.unicef.org/cbsc/files/Module_1_SEM-C4D.docx

Community: The relationship between organizations, institutions, and networks within defined spaces. Examples include built environment (ex: parks, community spaces), businesses, transportation, neighborhoods. https://www.unicef.org/cbsc/files/Module_1_SEM-C4D.docx

Society/Policy: Local, state, national and global laws and policies. Examples include social and cultural norms, health policies, economic policies, and educational policies. https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/overview/social-ecologicalmodel.html

Early Civilization

 
Africa, the Birthplace of Human Beings - Africa is the cradle of humanity. Both South Africa and East Africa have claims to the earliest human fossils. Africa is where we first evolved and where the majority of human existence has taken place. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2015/09/150911-hominin-hominid-berger-homo-naledi-fossils-ancestor-rising-star-human-origins/

Human Migration from Africa- Approximately 70,000 years ago, the world experienced a dramatic climate shift to cooler temperatures. Following the harsh living conditions and the corresponding population reduction, early Africans began to expand the population and began to migrate beyond Africa to Eurasia and other parts of the world. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2588837/Are-humans-Earths-biggest-enemy-Debate-destroyed-planet-mankinds-birth-rages-conference.html https://genographic.nationalgeographic.com/human-journey/